Mogadischu ist der Titel eines produzierten deutschen Fernsehthrillers, dessen Handlung die Entführung des Flugzeugs „Landshut“ im Oktober Aktuelle Nachrichten, Videos und Hintergrundinformationen zu Mogadischu im Überblick: Lesen Sie hier alle Meldungen der FAZ zur Hauptstadt von Somalia. Somalia: Mehrere Tote bei Bombenanschlag nahe Mogadischu. Die Terrorgruppe Al-Shabaab hat einen Angriff auf eine Baustelle in Somalia für sich reklamiert.
Terrorattacke auf Hotel in MogadischuSomalia Anschlag auf Hotel Afrik in Mogadischu. Rauch über Mogadischu nach der Explosion. Polizei und Augenzeugen sprachen von einem. "Mogadischu" ist die packende Rekonstruktion der "Landshut"-Entführung vor dem Hintergrund des Deutschen Herbstes Der Film rückt. Mogadischu [mogaˈdɪʃu] (englisch Mogadishu, Somali Muqdisho [ mʊɢˈdiːʃoː], italienisch und schweizerdeutsch Mogadiscio, arabisch مقديشو, DMG.
Mogadischu Navigation menu VideoMogadischu, Hauptstadt in Trümmern [Doku] 2011
In mid, Mogadishu concurrently held its first ever Technology, Entertainment, Design TEDx conference. The event was organized by the First Somali Bank to showcase improvements in business, development and security to potential Somali and international investors.
A number of large firms also have their headquarters in Mogadishu. Among these is the Trans-National Industrial Electricity and Gas Company , an energy conglomerate founded in that unites five major Somali companies from the trade , finance , security and telecommunications sectors.
Telcom is another telecommunications service provider that is centered in the capital. The local Somali Energy Company specializes in the generation, transmission and distribution of electric power to residents and businesses within its service area in Banaadir.
In June , former Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon signed a new foreign investment law. The draft bill was prepared by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in conjunction with government attorneys.
Approved by the Cabinet, it establishes a secure legal framework for foreign investment in Mogadishu and elsewhere in the country.
In October , the firm Tawakal Money Express Tawakal also began construction of the seven-storey Tawakal Plaza Mogadishu.
The new high rise is slated to be completed by the end of , and will feature a Tawakal Global Bank customer and financial services center, a large, square meter supermarket, a room luxury hotel, restaurant and coffee shop facilities, and conference and event halls.
Open daily until 10 pm, the convenience chain imports most of its products from the United Arab Emirates and China.
Financed by the Salaam Somali Bank , the new urban complex includes town houses, apartment flats, a mosque, recreational areas, playgrounds, a supermarket and roads.
It is slated to be erected just outside the northern part of the capital, within a 7-kilometer radius of the Industrial Road. The capital city is mainly populated by members of the Abgaal of Mudulood clans, Habr Gedir clan s , and Hawaadle of sub-clans of the Goragate Hawiye , along with the Sheekhaal tribes.
Somalis from other clans are present as well from Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland, and many others. Apart from the Somalis that have inhabited the city since it's foundation, several minorities have also historically lived in the city.
With the beginning of Islam, Arabs , South Asians and Persians migrants began to settle during the medieval period. Following a greatly improved security situation in the city in , many Somali expatriates began returning to Mogadishu for investment opportunities and to take part in the ongoing post-conflict reconstruction process.
It is the th largest city in the world by population size. The UNFPA assisted the Ministry in the project, which is slated to be finalized ahead of the planned plebiscite and local and national elections in Among the places of worship , they are predominantly Muslim mosques.
Arba'a Rukun Mosque is one of the oldest Islamic places of worship in the capital. Arba'a Rukun's mihrab contains an inscription dated from the same year, which commemorates the masjid's late founder, Khusra ibn Mubarak al-Shirazi Khusrau ibn Muhammed.
The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity was constructed in with financial support from the Saudi Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Foundation. It is the main mosque in the city, and an iconic building in Somali society.
With a capacity of up to 10, worshippers, it is the single largest masjid in the Horn region. In , the federal authorities completed formal refurbishments on the mosque's infrastructure.
The upgrades are part of a larger governmental renovation campaign aimed at all of the masjids in Mogadishu. The Mogadishu Cathedral was built in by the colonial authorities in Italian Somaliland.
The church served as the traditional seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mogadiscio. In April , after a visit to the site to inspect its condition, the Diocese of Mogadiscio announced plans to refurbish the building.
Villa Somalia is the official residential palace and principal workplace of the President of Somalia , Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.
It sits on high ground that overlooks the city on the Indian Ocean, with access to both the harbour and airport. The Governor's Palace of Mogadishu was the seat of the governor of Italian Somaliland, and then the administrator of the Trust Territory of Somalia.
The National Museum of Somalia was established after independence in , when the old Garesa Museum was turned into a National Museum.
The National Museum was later moved in , renamed to the Garesa Museum, and converted to a regional museum. As of January , it holds many culturally important artefacts, including old coins, bartering tools, traditional artwork, ancient weaponry and pottery items.
The National Library of Somalia was established in , and came under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Higher Education.
In , it held approximately 7, books, little in the way of historical and cultural archival material, and was open to the general public.
In June , the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies organized a shipment of 22, books from the United States to Somalia as part of an initiative to restock the library.
In preparation for the relaunch, 60, additional books from other Arab League states are expected to arrive. The National Theatre of Somalia opened in as an important cultural landmark in the national capital.
It closed down after the start of the civil war in the early s, but reopened in March after reconstruction. The pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct the National Theatre of Somalia in addition to several other major infrastructural landmarks.
Bakaara Market was created in late by the Barre administration. It served as an open market for the sale of goods and services, including produce and clothing.
After the start of the civil war, the market was controlled by various militant groups, who used it as a base for their operations.
Following Mogadishu's pacification in , renovations resumed at the market. Shops were rehabilitated, selling everything from fruit and garments to building materials.
In February , the Benadir administration began renovations at the Ansaloti Market in the Hamar Jajab district. It was one of the largest markets in the city before closing down operations in the early s.
In September , the municipal authorities officially reopened the Ansaloti to the public, with officials supervising all parts of the market.
According to the Benadir Political Affairs Vice Chairman Mohamed Adan "Anagel", the facility is now open for business and will compete with other regional markets.
The Regional Somali Language Academy is an intergovernmental regulating body for the Somali language in the Horn region.
In January , President of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud announced that the institute was slated to be finalized in conjunction with the governments of Djibouti and Ethiopia.
Mogadishu has a number of hotels, most of which were recently constructed. The city's many returning expatriates, investors and foreign workers are among these establishments' main customers.
To meet the growing demand, hotel representatives have also begun participating in international industry conferences, such as the Africa Hotel Investment Forum.
Among the new hotels is the six-floor Jazeera Palace Hotel. It was built in and officially opened in The hotel expects to host over 1, visitors by , for which it plans to construct a larger overall building and conference facilities.
Other hotels in the city include the Lafweyn Palace Hotel, Amira Castle Hotel, Sahafi Hotel, Hotel Nasa-Hablod, Oriental Hotel, Hotel Guuleed, Hotel Shamo, Peace Hotel, Aran Guest House, Muna Hotel , Hotel Taleex, Hotel Towfiq, Benadir Hotel, Ambassador Hotel, Kuwait Plaza Hotel, Safari Hotel Diplomat, Dayax Hotel, Safari Guesthouse and Bin Ali Hotel.
Mogadishu is home to a number of scholastic institutions. As part of the government's urban renewal program, schools across the capital are scheduled to be refurbished and reopened.
The Somali National University SNU was established in the s, during the trusteeship period. In , its programmes and facilities were expanded.
The SNU developed over the next 20 years into an expansive institution of higher learning, with 13 departments, staff and over 15, students.
On 14 November , the Cabinet unanimously approved a federal government plan to reopen the Somali National University, which had been closed down in the early s.
Mogadishu University MU is a non-governmental university that is governed by a Board of Trustees and a University Council. It is the brainchild of a number of professors from the Somali National University as well as other Somali intellectuals.
Financed by the Islamic Development Bank in Jeddah , Saudi Arabia , as well as other donor institutions, the university counts hundreds of graduates from its seven faculties, some of whom continue on to pursue Master's degrees abroad thanks to a scholarship programme.
Mogadishu University has established partnerships with several other academic institutions, including the University of Aalborg in Denmark , three universities in Egypt , seven universities in Sudan , the University of Djibouti , and two universities in Yemen.
As of [update] , MU also has accreditation with the Board of the Intergovernmental Organization EDU. In , the Somali Institute of Management and Administration SIMAD was co-established in Mogadishu by incumbent President of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.
The institution subsequently grew into the SIMAD University , with Mohamud acting as dean until Benadir University BU was established in with the intention of training doctors.
It has since expanded into other fields. Another tertiary institution in the city is the Zamzam University of Science and Technology and Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology.
The Turkish Boarding School was also established, with the Mogadishu Polytechnic Institute and Shabelle University campus likewise undergoing renovations.
Additionally, a New Islamic University campus is being built. Other tertiary institutions in the capital include City University.
It was established in with the aim of providing quality instruction and research. The college is staffed by an accredited and experienced master's-level faculty, and governed by a Board of Trustees consisting of academics and prominent entrepreneurs.
City University's syllabus features an advanced curriculum and foundation programs in English. Its campus includes physical and digital libraries, as well as IT and scientific laboratories.
The university is a member of the Somali Research and Educational Network, and is authorized as a degree-granting institution by the national Ministry of Education Directorate of Higher Education and Culture.
As Somalia's capital city, many important national institutions are based in Mogadishu. It is the seat of the Federal Government of Somalia established in August , with the Somalia Federal Parliament serving as the government's legislative branch.
Abdirahman Omar Osman has been the Mayor of Mogadishu since January In May , the First Somali Bank was established in the capital, which organized Mogadishu's first ever Technology, Entertainment, Design TEDx conference.
The establishment of a local construction yard has also galvanized the city's real-estate sector. The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity in Mogadishu is the largest masjid in the Horn region.
Mogadishu Cathedral was built in by the colonial authorities in Italian Somalia in a Norman Gothic style, and served as the traditional seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mogadiscio.
The National Museum of Somalia is based in Mogadishu and holds many culturally important artefacts. Mogadishu is home to a number of scholastic and media institutions.
As part of the municipality's urban renewal program, schools across the capital are scheduled to be refurbished and reopened. The Somali National University SNU was established in the s, and professors from the university later founded the non-governmental Mogadishu University MU.
Various national sporting bodies have their headquarters in Mogadishu, including the Somali Football Federation and the Somali Olympic Committee.
Mogadishu Stadium was constructed in during the Siad Barre administration, with the assistance of Chinese engineers.
It hosts football matches with teams from the Somali First Division and the Somalia Cup. Additionally, the Port of Mogadishu serves as a major national seaport and is the largest harbour in Somalia.
Mogadishu International Airport is the capital's main airport. Mogadishu Stadium was constructed in during the Barre administration, with the assistance of Chinese engineers.
The facility was mainly used for hosting sporting activities, such as the Somalia Cup and for football matches with teams from the Somalia League.
Presidential addresses and political rallies, among other events, were also held there. The pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct several major infrastructural landmarks, including the Mogadishu Stadium.
The Banadir Stadium and Konis Stadium are two other major sporting facilities in the capital. In , the Somali Football Federation launched a renovation project at the Konis facility, during which artificial football turf contributed by FIFA was installed at the stadium.
Various national sporting bodies also have their headquarters in Mogadishu. Among these are the Somali Football Federation, Somali Olympic Committee and Somali Basketball Federation.
The Somali Karate and Taekwondo Federation is likewise centered in the city, and manages the national Taekwondo team. Roads leading out of Mogadishu connect the city to other localities in Somalia as well as to neighbouring countries.
The capital itself is cut into several grid layouts by an extensive road network, with streets supporting the flow of both vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
In October , major construction began on the kilometer road leading to the airport. Overseen by Somali and Turkish engineers, the upgrade was completed in November and included lane demarcation.
The road construction initiative was part of a larger agreement signed by the Somali and Turkish governments to establish Mogadishu and Istanbul as sister cities, and in the process bring all of Mogadishu's roads up to modern standards.
The initiative saw around rubbish collection vehicles and other equipment operated by TIKA clean the city's roads, with the Benadir municipality taking over operation of the cleaning project in March In —, Mogadishu's municipal authority in conjunction with the British and Norwegian governments began a project to install solar-powered street lights on all of the capital's major roads.
The solar panels have helped to improve night-time visibility and enhance the city's overall aesthetic appeal. Zu ihnen kamen in den letzten Jahrzehnten Angehörige diverser anderer Clans aus anderen Landesteilen hinzu.
Insgesamt wuchs Mogadischu seit Beginn des Bürgerkrieges weiter durch Zuwanderer und Binnenflüchtlinge aus anderen Landesteilen.
Für wurde die Bevölkerung auf etwa 1,23 Millionen 2,59 Millionen in der Agglomeration ; Stand jeweils 1. Januar geschätzt.
Aktuelle Schätzungen liegen bei 1,58 Millionen Einwohnern. Im Jahr sollen, laut Prognosen, 6,6 Millionen Menschen in der Agglomeration leben.
Sie flohen meist in die nähere Umgebung Mittel - und Unter-Shabeelle , zum Teil auch in weiter entfernte Landesteile.
Nach Augenzeugenberichten sind nur noch wenige Wohnblocks in der Innenstadt und in der Nähe des Präsidentensitzes Villa Somalia regulär bewohnt.
Mogadischu wurde im Jahrhundert von arabischen Kolonisten besiedelt. Viele Zuwanderer kamen von der Arabischen Halbinsel , ihr relativer Wohlstand stärkte sie wirtschaftlich, und interkulturelle Ehen mit den einheimischen Somali sorgten schnell für Verbreitung des Wohlstands.
In jener Zeit profitierte die Stadt stark vom Inlandshandel. Aus den Zuwanderern gingen die Benadiri Reer Hamar hervor.
Die erbaute Fakr-ad-Din-Moschee zählt zu den ältesten islamischen Bauwerken Afrikas. Aran Guest House. Guest house. Here you can get security, meals and comfortable lodging very close to the airport.
We stayed one night in room 7. They have very good air conditioning--a rarity in Somalia, lots of Peace Hotel. Diplomatic Hotel. Room's okay, but fairly priced it is a basic hotel to that sense.
Security team can help arrange things Hotel Naso Hablod. I heard is in construction since I visited last time. Thanks to all the staff and management.
The best part of my trip was Palm Business Park. Their service is none comparable. Banadir Business Park. Specialty Inn.
The security is top quality, the atmosphere is peaceful and provides the perfect backdrop for full One of the earliest Arab settlements on the East African coast, its origins date to the 10th century.
It declined in the 16th century after a period of extensive trade with the Arab states, but it had commercial relations with the Portuguese and the imams of Muscat before coming under the control of the sultan of Zanzibar in The port was leased to the Italians in and sold to them in under pressure from the British, who had established a protectorate over the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
Subsequently the capital of Italian Somaliland and of the Somalia trust territory, Mogadishu became the capital of independent Somalia in There is an international airport 5 miles 8 km west of Mogadishu.
Islamic militias gained control of Mogadishu in , and although hailed by some for restoring order to the city, they were also criticized for their harsh rule.
Pasukan penjaga perdamaian bertugas di sana pada - Pada 3 Oktober , Amerika Serikat melaksanakan misi untuk menangkap dua anak buah seorang pemimpin militan bernama Mohamed Farrah Aidid , walaupun sukses, misi ini menelan banyak korban jiwa.
Pada Pertempuran Mogadishu , 19 serdadu AS tewas dan beberapa lainnya mengalami cedera, tetapi jumlah korban di pihak Somalia diperkirakan antara Kejadian tersebut kemudian menjadi tema utama novel Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War dan film Black Hawk Down Mogadishu merupakan ibu kota Pemerintah Nasional Transisi Somalia yang diakui oleh dunia internasional.
Sesi Parlemen diselenggarakan di luar negeri Nairobi. Kondisi di wilayah Mogadishu bagian selatan lebih tenang dan modern.
Sebaliknya, bagian utara kota itu dikuasai oleh klan-klan militan. Beberapa di antaranya telah membentuk wilayahnya masing-masing dan mengklaim kemerdekaan dari negara itu.
Walaupun dililit oleh banyak masalah, kondisi Mogadishu telah pulih dari segi ekonomi. Perdagangan bebas tanpa berkuasanya pemerintah de facto berarti tidak ada pajak sehingga berbisnis di sana relatif murah.
Para pebisnis menyewa petugas keamanan untuk melindungi diri dari kaum militan. Kerusuhan makin jarang terjadi.