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Dorothy VaughanCOMPUTER DECODER: Dorothy Vaughan, Computer Scientist (Picture Book Biography) | DIEHN, ANDI | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle. Vaughan died on Nov. 10, at the age of Segregation was ended in when NACA became NASA, at which point NASA created an analysis and. Dorothy Vaughan (* September in Kansas City als Dorothy Johnson; † November in Hampton) war eine US-amerikanische Mathematikerin.
Dorothy Vaughan Who Was Dorothy Johnson Vaughan? VideoDorothy Vaughan Documentary Reagan, Denny's Mother. Vaughan and other female African American mathematicians are the subject of a film Hidden Figures. Culture Biography. Dorothy Vaughan war eine US-amerikanische Mathematikerin. Sie ist bekannt für ihre Beiträge zur Raumfahrttechnik zur Zeit des „Wettlaufs ins All“. Dorothy Vaughan studierte an der Wilberforce University und machte dort ihren. Dorothy Vaughan (* September in Kansas City als Dorothy Johnson; † November in Hampton) war eine US-amerikanische Mathematikerin. Dorothy Vaughan. Flight Control Room im Apollo Mission Control Center. „Hidden Figure“ und Führungskraft. Dorothy Vaughan Nasa, Katherine Johnson, Valedictorian, Hidden Figures, Man On The Moon. Jahrhundert Person NASA Träger der Goldenen Ehrenmedaille des Kongresses Towelroot S5 Geboren Gestorben Frau. Glen Powell übernahm die Rolle von John Glenn, dem ersten NASA-Astronauten, der die Erde umrundet. Vaughan was an expert programmer Hautnah Wdr Mediathek FORTRAN, a prominent computer language of the day, and also contributed to a satellite-launching rocket called Scout Solid Kelly Maite Orbital Utility Test.
She would also begin to collaborate with other well known "computers" like Vera Huckel and Sara Bullock. This work would involve compiling a handbook of algebraic methods for calculating machines.
Dorothy Vaughan would become a strong advocate for her team members. She would even go as far as intervening personally when colleagues deserved promotion of pay rises.
She would quickly become respected by NACA engineers who valued her input and recommendations. They would consider her one of the best and happily ask her to handle the more challenging tasks, personally.
Whilst at NACA the IBM was gradually growing in popularity. The first IBM computer used in the space program was the IBM Card Programmed Calculator.
It was used, at first, to help develop missiles and rack the Soviet Union's progress with Sputnik. Programmers could only interact with the IBM by using a revolutionary programming language called FORTRAN.
Dorothy Vaughan quickly realized that machine computers would replace human ones in the not so distant future.
She took it upon herself to learn FORTRAN and taught her colleagues computer language and other concepts to prepare them for the transition. FORTRAN, for Formula Translation, was a computer programming language created in by John Backus.
It considerably shortened the process of programming, making it far more accessible. Its creation marked a significant leap forward in the development of computer programming languages in general.
Previously programmers would need to write instructions in binary or hexadecimal arithmetic. This was a frustrating and labor-intensive process that ultimately led to Backus seeking a means of simplifying it.
John would gather a team of 10 International Business Machine IBM employees to join him on his three-year-long development of FORTRAN.
FORTRAN, once developed, enabled the rapid writing of computer programs that ran almost as efficiently as those hand-coded in machine first generation language.
At this time computers were still very expensive and rare things. The eventual creation of efficient higher-level language, aka natural or third generation, opened up computer programming to engineers and scientists at large.
This would spark an explosion in the development and use of computers in general. FORTRAN with its ability to allow the creation of natural language that could run as efficiently as hand-coded ones would make it the programming language of choice in 's.
Hiring agents scoured the East Coast for coeds who had any sort of mathematical background and placed job advertisements in newspapers in their endless quest for new talent.
At the same time, African-American leaders like A. Philip Randolph, head of the largest black labor union in the country, were pressuring the Roosevelt Administration to open up coveted jobs in the defense industry to black applicants.
This was what enabled black women to submit their applications to work at Langley—it was just a crack, but the door to opportunity was slowly starting to open.
So who is Dorothy Vaughan? In spring , Dorothy Vaughan, a schoolteacher from Virginia, filled out her application to work at Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory.
In the fall, she received her answer: she was hired to work as a Grade P-1 Mathematician at Langley for the duration of World War II.
It was a position that would last over 30 years. As a college graduate and high school teacher, she had reached the pinnacle of what was thought possible for black women at that time.
But she was a passionate believer in education, believing that it was the best chance black children had to succeed in a country that forced them to work twice as hard to get half as far as white people.
She was relatively unknown until , when a book by Margot Lee Shetterly— Hidden Figures —drew attention to the contributions of Vaughan and other so-called West Computers.
Dorothy Vaughan performed complex computations and analyzed data for aerospace engineers , work that was later essential to the success of the early U.
She later earned a degree in mathematics from Wilberforce University near Xenia , Ohio. She worked as a math teacher in Virginia and married Howard S.
The West Computers , as the women were known, provided data that were later essential to the success of the early U.
At the time, NACA was segregrated , and black employees were forced to use separate bathrooms and dining facilities.
She has ranked on the list of those famous people who were born on September 20, She is one of the Richest Mathematician who was born in Missouri.
She also has a position among the list of Most popular Mathematician. She was assigned to West Area Computers upon joining NACA, a division segregated due to the Virginia Jim Crow laws.
We will update soon. Home Page YouTube Star Instagram Star TV Actress Pop Singer Rapper Model. At Wilberforce University , a historically Black college in Ohio, Vaughan studied mathematics.
Her tuition was covered by a full-ride scholarship from the West Virginia Conference of the A. Sunday School Convention. Although Vaughan was encouraged by her professors at Wilberforce to go to graduate school at Howard University, she declined, instead taking a job at Robert Russa Moton High School in Farmville, Virginia, so that she could help support her family during the Great Depression.
During this time, she and her husband Howard had six children: two daughters and four sons. Her position and education placed her as an admired leader in her community.
Dorothy Vaughan taught high school for 14 years during the era of racially segregated education. At NACA, she was responsible for calculating mathematical computations for engineers conducting aeronautical experiments in wind tunnels on the variables affecting drag and lift of aircraft.
In , Vaughan became the first Black supervisor at NACA when she was promoted to manager of the West Area Computers. This workgroup was composed entirely of African American female mathematicians.
The title gave her rare visibility and she collaborated with other well-known computer operators on various projects. She also became a dedicated advocate for female employees who deserved promotions or raises, often supporting white women as well.
Vaughan led the West Area Computing program for a decade. Over time, both individually and as a group, the West Computers distinguished themselves with contributions to virtually every area of research at Langley.
The group's original section heads first Margery Hannah , then Blanche Sponsler were white. In , Dorothy Vaughan was promoted to lead the group, making her the NACA's first black supervisor, and one of the NACA's few female supervisors see also Virginia Tucker.
The Section Head title gave Dorothy rare centerwide visibility, and she collaborated with other well-known computers like Vera Huckel and Sara Bullock on projects such as compiling a handbook for algebraic methods for calculating machines.Dorothy Johnson Vaughan (September 20, – November 10, ) was an American mathematician and human computer who worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), and NASA, at Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. Actress If Dorothy Vaughan appeared in movies or episodes of TV series, it was certainly not by accident. Dorothy Johnson Vaughan was an African American mathematics teacher who became one of the leading mathematical engineers in early days of the aerospace industry. After the U.S. defense industry. Dorothy Vaughan, née Dorothy Johnson, (born September 20, , Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.—died November 10, , Hampton, Virginia), American mathematician and computer programmer who made important contributions to the early years of the U.S. space program and who was the first African American manager at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), which later became part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Dorothy Vaughan was born in Kansas City, Missouri, the daughter of Leonard and Annie Johnson. The Johnson family soon moved to Morgantown, West Virginia, where they stayed throughout Dorothy’s childhood. She quickly proved to be a talented student, graduating early from high school at the age of 15 as her graduating class’ valedictorian.